Would rather ve would prefer

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would rather ve would prefer örnekleri
would rather ve would prefer, much rather

Would rather ve would prefer konu anlatımı

Would rather ve would prefer konu anlatımı. Would you rather questions. Bu dersimizde ilk olarak would rather ile would prefer arasındaki farkları göreceğiz. Ardından prefer ve would rather kullanımlarını inceleyerek hepsinin genel bir özetini çıkaracağız.

Would rather ve would prefer kullanımı

Aşağıdaki would rather ve would prefer kalıpları özel bir söz ederken aynı anlama gelmektedirler. Bu nedenle bu şekilde birbirlerinin yerine aynı anlamda kullanabilmemiz mümkündür. Ancak örneklere lütfen dikkat edelim. Would rather genel tercihler için de aynı şekilde kullanılabilmektedir. Öte yandan “would prefer” ancak belirli tercihleri ifade ederken bu şekilde kullanılmaktadır. Would prefer örneklerine dikkatli bakarsanız özel tek bir durum hakkında kullandığımızı görebilirsiniz. Bu tek seferlik tercih konuşma anında yapılmaktadır.

Belirli bir tercihi ifade ederken 
Would rather + bare infinitive I would rather wait for him. 
Would prefer + to infinitive I would prefer to eat at home tonight.
Would prefer + noun I would prefer coffee.
Belirli bir tercihin karşılaştırmasını yaparken
Would rather  …… than I would rather hike than sleep.
Would prefer  ….. rather than I would prefer to hike rather than sleep.
Contracted forms of would rather and would prefer
Would rather ‘d rather
Would prefer ‘d prefer
NEGATIVE FORMS  of would rather and would prefer
Would rather not … Id rather not listen to them
Would prefer not Id prefer not to sit here.

Would rather ve would prefer örnekleri

  1. I would rather play chess.
  2. I would prefer to play basketball.
  3. I would prefer video games.
  4. She would rather play basketball than watch TV.
  5. They would prefer to drink milk rather than (drink) tea
  6. He‘d rather go on safari than (go) trekking.
  7. We‘d prefer to look for him rather than wait here.
  8. I’d rather not see you again.
  9. She’d prefer not to get a taxi on such a sunny day.
  10. I’d rather not walk alone here after midnight.

Attention! Yukarıdaki örneklerde bazı fiilleri parantez içinde yazdım. Bunun nedeni bunların birer tekrar eden fiil olmasıdır. Bu nedenle ikinci kez belirtmeniz mecburi değildir.

Yukarıdaki tablolarda adı geçen infinitives canınızı mu sıktı? Hiç Sorun değil…

Would rather ve prefer farkı – kullanımı

Genel tercihleri ifade ederken 
Would rather + bare infinitive I would rather speak English at home.
Prefer + gerund I prefer traveling by train.
Genel tercihlerin karşılaştırmasını yaparken 
Would rather  …… than I would rather hike than sleep.
Prefer  ….. to …… I prefer hiking to swimming.
Prefer ..(noun).. to ..(noun).. I prefer a bicycle to a car.

Would rather ve prefer örnekleri

  1. I’d rather follow the rules than go fast in the traffic.
  2. She prefers traveling by ship to by plane.
  3. They prefer peace to fight.
  4. I prefer having a rest at home to going to the cinema.
  5. I’d rather eat a good breakfast at home.
  6. She prefers texting to speaking.

Would you rather questions

  • Would you rather wait or go now?
  • Would you prefer me to drive? 
  • Would they rather study Latin or French?
  • Would you rather have more time or more money?
  • Would you rather travel to the past or to the future?
  • Would you rather eat hamburgers or pizza?
  • Would you rather live in a city or in a village?
  • Would you rather ride a horse or ride a camel?
  • Why would you rather do that sport?
SHORT ANSWERS
Would you rather join us? No, I wouldn’t
Would you rather tell him? Yes, I would

 


 Would Rather ve Geçmiş Zamanlar

would rather ve would prefer örnekleri
would rather ve would prefer kullanımı

Bu bölümde “would rather” konusuna B1 ve üzeri seviyesinde devam edeceğiz.

Farklı insanların tercih ve seçimleri hakkında konuşurken “would rather” kalıbımız geçmiş zaman cümlelerinin önünde kullanırız. Bu durum 2 şekilde gerçekleşir. İsterseniz önce örneklerimizi inceleyelim, daha sonra aşağıdaki açıklamamı okuyalım.

  • Would rather + Past simple clause (for Present / future)
  • Would rather + Past perfect clause (for past)
  • Would rather + Perfect infinitive  (for past)

Would rather ve Simple Past Tense

Başka birisinin eylemi hakkında bir tercih ifade ederken cümlenin anlamı konuşma anındaki vurguya göre değiştirebiliriz. Aşağıdaki ilk iki örneğimizi lütfen dikkatli inceleyelim.

1. She’d rather you called. The stress is on “you”.

Commentary: She wants you to call first. She waits for your call.

2. She’d rather you called. The stress is on “called”.

Commentary: She wants you to call her instead of texting. 

3. Shall we go out to the cinema tonight? – No, I’d rather we stayed at home if you don’t mind.

Commentary: I want to stay at home instead of going to the cinema.

4. I’d rather you informed the police.

Commentary: I can’t call them. This is my fault. I want you to call the police instead of me.

  • I’d rather you went there.

Commentary: I don’t want to go there. I want you to go there instead of me

Would rather ve Past Perfect kullanımı

Geçmişte meydana gelen eylemler hakkında konuşurken yan cümlemiz past perfect  olur. Bu tip cümlelerin yapısal olarak zamanı past perfect olsa da anlamını sadece “past” olarak düşünmeliyiz. Bu kullanım bize yanlış seçimler sonucu ortaya çıkan pişmanlık ve üzüntü ifade eder. Ancak bunların başka bir özne hakkında olduğunu unutmayalım.

  • Id rather our teacher had taken us to the amusement park. 

In reality: Actually, their teacher took them to the museum yesterday. The students seem to be sorry for that. 

  • I’d rather my son had become a lawyer.

In reality: His son tries to be a singer and joined a band last year. Dad is deeply worried about his son.

  • She’d rather you had been there.

In reality: She wanted you to be there, but you didn’t come.

Would rather + Perfect infinitive

Gerçekleşmemiş ancak tercih ettiğimiz şeyleri anlatmak için “would rather” yapısını “perfect infinitive” ile beraber kullanırız. Arzu ettiğimiz ancak olmadığı için pişmanlık ve üzüntü hissettiğimiz eylemleri bu şekilde ifade edebiliriz.

  • I would rather have spent the holiday in Alanya

Commentary: I didn’t go on holiday to Alanya. I was somewhere else.

  • I’d rather have attended my lessons at school than online.

Commentary: I attended online lessons during the Coronavirus outbreak. But, I would like to have been at my school.

Would rather ile özneye göre olumsuz cümle

Öznemiz farklı olduğunda bu durum olumsuz cümlelere de yansıyor. Olumsuz yapma ekimiz “not” bu sefer “would rather” ardından değil yan cümlecikte gelir.

Correct use √ I’d rather you didn’t tell him what I did.

Wrong use χ I wouldn’t rather you didn’t tell him what I did.

Much rather kulllanımı

  • Much rather kullanımı yapılan tercihin anlamına ayrı bir güç katar. Verilen örnekleri inceleyelim isterseniz.

Much rather örnekleri:

  • Id much rather speak face to face than speak on phone.
  • I’d much rather they didn’t come to that party.
  • They’d much rather talk about money.

Grammar index would rather ve would prefer konu anlatımı çalışmamızın sonuna geldiniz. Uzun bir araştırma sonucu hazırlamış olduğum bu paylaşımımı beğendiyseniz lütfen yorum bırakmayı unutmayın. Grammar index sayfamızdaki tüm konuları mümkün olan en geniş kapsam ve en anlaşılır tasarımla hazırladım. Şidddetle göz atmanızı öneriyorum.

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