Verbs Followed by gerunds and infinitives Konu Anlatımı & Quiz

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Verbs Followed by both gerunds and infinitives Konu Anlatımı
Verbs Followed by gerunds and infinitives

Verbs Followed by Gerunds and Infinitives Konu Anlatımı

Bazı ingilizce fiilerin ardından hem bir gerund ( sonuna -ing alarak noun olabilen) hem de bir infinitive ( to ile beraber fiilin yalın hali) gelebilir. Bu fiilerin bazen bir gerund bazen de bir infinitive ile devam etme sebebi konuşmacının vermek istediği mesajda saklıdır. Gerunds tercihi bizi eylemin kendisine, devam eden bir sürece ya da kavrama odaklar. Öte yandan infinitive kullanımı ise bize gelecekteki potansiyel bir eylemi ya da bilinçli bir amacı işaret eder.

Gerund ve Infinitive Alabilen Başlıca İngilizce Filler

1. Verbs of Liking/Disliking:

Love, like, hate, enjoy, prefer, dislike, can’t stand

  • Love: “I love swimming.” vs. “I love to swim.”
  • Prefer: “She prefers jogging in the morning.” vs. “She prefers to jog in the morning.”
  • Dislike: “I dislike getting up early.” vs. “I dislike to get up early.”
  • Can’t stand: “He can’t stand waiting in lines.” vs. “He can’t stand to wait in lines.”

2. Start/Stop/Continue Verbs:

Start, begin, continue, stop, quit, cease, finish

  • Start: “He started practicing the piano.” vs. “He started to practice the piano.”
  • Stop: “She stopped smoking last year.” vs. “She stopped to smoke when she smelled something burning.”
  • Quit: “He quit trying to solve the problem.” vs. “He quit to try a different approach.”
  • Finish: “They finished working at six.” vs. “They finished to work on a new project.”

3. Intentional Verbs:

Attempt, intend, plan, try, mean

  • Attempt: “They attempted climbing the mountain.” vs. “They attempted to climb the mountain.”
  • Plan: “We plan visiting the museum.” vs. “We plan to visit the museum.”
  • Try: “Try calling her mobile.” vs. “Try to call her mobile.”
  • Mean: “I didn’t mean hurting your feelings.” vs. “I didn’t mean to hurt your feelings.”

4. Remembering/Forgetting Verbs:

Remember, forget, regret

  • Regret: “I regret saying those things.” vs. “I regret to inform you…” (more formal)
  • Remember: “I remember meeting him at your party.” vs. “I remember to meet him at your party.” (Note: The second sentence isn’t correct; “remember to” is used when you recall something you need to do, not something that has happened.)
  • Regret: “I regret not studying harder for the test.” vs. “I regret to say that you have failed the test.”

IMPORTANT: Subtle Meaning Shifts

It’s crucial to note that while both forms may be technically correct with these verbs, there are often nuanced differences in emphasis:

  • Gerunds (-ing): Often emphasize the ongoing action or process itself.

    • “I enjoy reading.” (Focus on the enjoyment of the activity)
  • Infinitives (to + verb): Frequently place greater emphasis on future possibility, intention, or the purpose of the action.

    • “I like to read before bed.” (Focus on a specific habit or plan)

Infinitive ile devam eden cümlelerde birçok fiil genelde ardından bir “direct object” alır. Aşağıdaki örnekleri inceleyelim

  1. Advise
    • Without object: “I advise going early to avoid the crowd.”
    • With object: “I advise you to go early to avoid the crowd.”
  2. Allow
    • Without object: “They don’t allow smoking in this area.”
    • With object: “They don’t allow us to smoke in this area.”
  3. Require
    • Without object: “The recipe requires adding salt.”
    • With object: “The recipe requires you to add salt.”
  4. Permit
    • Without object: “They don’t permit parking here at night.”
    • With object: “They don’t permit visitors to park here at night.”
  5. Encourage
    • Without object: “We encourage working together.”
    • With object: “We encourage you to work together.”

Verbs Followed by Gerunds and Infinitives Quiz

1. Rewrite the sentence using a gerund or infinitive: "She hopes to find a new job soon."
A.
B.
C.
D.
2. Rewrite the sentence using a gerund or infinitive: "They avoided answering the question directly."
A.
B.
C.
D.
3. Rewrite the sentence using a gerund or infinitive: "I plan to start a new project next month."
A.
B.
C.
D.
4. Rewrite the sentence using a gerund or infinitive: "He agreed to help us with the work."
A.
B.
C.
D.
5. Rewrite the sentence using a gerund or infinitive: "It's fun to go hiking on weekends."
A.
B.
C.
D.
6. Identify the incorrect use of a gerund or infinitive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7. Identify the incorrect use of a gerund or infinitive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8. Identify the incorrect use of a gerund or infinitive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9. Identify the incorrect use of a gerund or infinitive:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10. Identify the incorrect use of a gerund or infinitive:
A.
B.
C.
D.

 

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