Oxymoron nedir? Oxymoron örnekleri nelerdir? Oxymoron çeşitleri nelerdir?
Oxymoron terim anlamı:
Oxymoron, kafa karışıklığı, şaşkınlık, paradoks gibi etkili duygular yaratabilmek amacıyla, zıt ya da birbiri ile çelişen ifadelerin aynı cümle içerisine konulduğu bir figure of speech yani söz sanatıdır.
Oxymoron sözlük anlamı:
Oxymoron Türkçe’ de tezat, zıtların birleşimi anlamlara gelebilmektedir. Oksimoron şeklinde Türkçeleştirildiği de görülür.
An oxymoron (usual plural oxymorons, more rarely oxymora) is a rhetorical device that uses an ostensible self-contradiction to illustrate a rhetorical point or to reveal a paradox.
The most common form of oxymoron involves an adjective-noun combination of two words, but they can also be devised in the meaning of sentences or phrases.
1- Single-word oxymorons
They may be composed of dependent or independent morphemes. For example; pianoforte ( soft load), prepostures catfish, bridegroom, bittersweet, ballpoint, speechwriting, someone.
These oxymorons consist of two different words. In this combination of two words, there is no relation in meanings. Combination happens only in appearance. For example; the word “nook” as composed of “no” and “ok” or the surname “Noyes” as composed of “no” plus “yes”
3- Oxymoron apparent
These oxymorons don’t comprise of two complete opposite words. But the words which come together imply a strong nonconcurrence. Örneğin; divided unity, dry pond, elected king.
This kind of oxymoron is effective for a specific perspective and changes according to the point of view and experiences. For example; honest politician, equal justice, fighting for peace
Some writers categorize this type of oxymoron in terms of generalization by most people. When we talk about oxymoron, the definition is simple and clear; opposite ideas or meanings come together. Most of the oxymorons are in this group. For example; fast waiter, good beating, advanced beginner.
6-Oxymorons with adjective-noun combination
The most common form of oxymoron involves an adjective-noun combination of two words, but they can also be devised in the meaning of sentences or phrases. One classic example of the use of oxymorons in English literature can be found in this example from Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet;
O, brawling love! O loving hate!
O anything of nothing first create!
O heavy lightness, serious vanity!
Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms!
Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health!
Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!
This love feel I, that feel no love in this.
Almost done, brave politician, blind viewer, chaotic organization, Civil Servant, civil service, common sense, Fictional reality, free gift, friendly fire, guest host, income tax, light armor, living death.